Jesus was thought to participate in the divine identity of the one God of the full text of Bauckham’s classic book God Crucified but also other. God Crucified has ratings and 15 reviews. Eric said: Bauckham is a beast. Don’t want to become convinced that Jesus is God? Then don’t read this book. God Crucified: Monotheism and Christology in the. New Testament. By Richard Bauckham. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 79 pp. $ Richard Bauckham.
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Andrews, Scotland, is perhaps best known for his studies of the book of Revelation and for his commentaries on Jude and 2 Peter. He is also a thoughtful theologian who has written an introduction to the theology of Jirgen Moltmann.
His argument turns much of mainstream christology, which has often assumed that a high christology is both a later development and incompatible with Jewish monotheism, on its head.
In the Jewish monotheism of the Second Temple, the identity of God was understood by analogy with human identity, which includes both character and personal story. This unique identity had two key features: The acts of God and the character of God together identify God as the one who acts graciously towards his people.
This God, then, by his very identity, was expected to act in the future. Nevertheless, the novelty of God crucified did not betray the identity of the God of Israel. On the contrary, as the early church examined the Scriptures it could find consistency in the novelty.
Bauckham helps us understand early Jewish monotheism as the context for New Testament christology. Bauckham also maintains a strict view of monotheism but argues that a high christology was possible precisely within a strict monotheism by identifying Jesus directly with the God of Israel.
Bauckham rejects the second view as being unimportant for the study of christology, for the intermediary figures were never worshipped. They demonstrate, he believes, that Second Temple Judaism does not find distinctions in the divine identity inconceivable or threatening to divine uniqueness.
Such a christology of divine identity helpfully moves us beyond functional and ontic understandings. A functional christology, in which Jesus exercises the functions of lordship without being ontically divine, would have been problematic for Jewish monotheism, since the unique sovereignty of God was not something God could delegate to someone else.
God Crucified: Monotheism and Christology in the New Testament
The ontological approach has often assumed that while early Jewish monotheists could speak of divine functions when speaking of Jesus, they shied away from speaking of divine nature, something that only later patristic development spelled out. Against this view, Bauckham shows that throughout the New Testament there are clear and deliberate uses of the unique, divine identity to include Jesus. This review first appeared in Theology Today in Aprilin a slightly edited form that eliminated my masculine personal pronouns for deity, an editorial practice I find stylistically awkward, theologically problematic, and troublesome to free speech.
This is closer to what I originally wrote.
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Exiled Preacher: God Crucified by Richard Bauckham
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