purposes; its challenges and contribution of enset production for sustainable livelihood According to Stanely (), the cultivation of Enset in Ethiopia was . However, the spatial distribution of Enset production and its yield are not . Enset plant yield and assessing kocho production in Ethiopia. Annual national food production in Ethiopia for the years Table 3. Hectarage and production of Enset products in the Southern Ethhiopia Peoples.
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Shigeta [6 ] elucidated that at funeral ceremony, people beat the psuedostems of enset laid on the ground in circle like drums and they also go with enset leaves on their hands.
The members of the lineage cut all the enset plants when the head of the household dies, to express their sorrow and desperation [ 6 ]. In fact, its potential use as glucose source is suggested because of its rich carbohydrate content. In some cases, such situations lead farmers to replace enset farming with annual crops abandoning their land.
Dried leaf-sheaths are used as packing material, serving the same function as Western foam plastic and polystyrene. It has many material uses sthiopia socio-cultural values. Karlsson, “Nutritive values of the drought tolerant food and fodder crop enset,” African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol.
The iron and calcium composition of the corm are higher than potato and its zinc content is much higher than prodyction teff. The edible parts of enset vary from place to place. It is drought resistant because it contains a lot of water in pseudostem and used for cattle stall feeding especially in the dry season when grass is scarce. It was found to be better only in potassium among macro minerals. According to Negash and Niehof [24 ] twelve distinguishing features to categorize enset accessions that are grouped into three clusters are: In rural areas the fiber is used to make sacks, bags, ropes, cordage, mats, construction materials, and sieves.
The corm type contains significantly higher compositions of minerals than the bulla type. The seeds can stay viable for more than 25 years [ 13 ]. It is estimated that 40 to 60 enset plants occupying sq.
Having a field that encompasses the homestead is considered aesthetically desirable by enset-based societies, enset beautifies the landscape by its green foliage. Agriculture and Human Values. Most enset fractions except leaf lamina are deficient in copper but rich in iron and ih [ 31 ]. The bulla, corm samples, and various information were obtained mainly from Areka Agricultural Research Center AARCwhich is the center of ethiopla for research on enset nationally.
However, the corm was found to contain better nutrients except potassium, in which bulla is better as shown in Table 1. Journal of Applied Biosciences. In Ethiopia, over enset varieties have been recorded  which is important for agro- and biodiversity. Argen and Gibson [27 ] described the nutritional composition of several enset dishes and indicated the necessity of additional protein source for an enset to be a staple wnset. On the other hand, bulla contains higher carbohydrate and hence, energy than the corm.
The nutritional, socio-cultural, and the opportunities and challenges of enset cultivation in the country are ethoopia described in this study. Ensete arnoldianum De Wild.
Different enset varieties were reported to have medicinal and religious ritual significances prkduction prevention, healing, and other therapeutic purposes. In order to sustain and improve enset cultivation, serious and continuous work is required to control diseases, improving its productivity, and nutritional schemes.
As a result, this increases water availability and discharge to springs and decreasing the effective dry season length [ 3 ].
He also reported the early cultivation of enset in the northern part of the Abyssinian highland in the course of his survey on the source of the Nile. The aforementioned studies show the early domestication of enset in Ethiopia and their gradual distribution pattern across the country and its importance as a staple and semi-staple food in various parts of the country.
Thus, cautious interpretation is required on general statements of Ethiopian diet. Todorov, Cereals, pulses and oil seeds, F. The enset plant can be subject to multiple diseases that threaten its use in agriculture. Negro University Press, The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension.
Ensete ventricosum – Wikipedia
Yeshitla, “Assessment of phenotypic variability in enset Ensete Ventricosum Welw Cheesman accessions using multivariate analysis,” International Journal of Natural Sciences Research, vol.
A large number of enset plants around houses provide comfort, shading for people and some crops such as coffee which need only moderate sunshine [ 6 ]. Hence, one person can get 2, kcal from bulla and 2, kcal from corm of roughly g. Enset is a perennial evergreen crop with many aesthetic values and multipurpose in the south and southwestern Ethiopia.