Evidentiality the Linguistic Coding of Epistemology Advances in Discourse Processes – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. EVIDENTIALLY: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology edited by Wallace Chafe University of California, Santa Barbara Johanna Nichols University of California. With the Future Behind Them: Convergent Evidence From Aymara Language and Gesture in the Crosslinguistic Comparison of Spatial Construals of Time.
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Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology – Google Books
As a conversational interchange develops from the opening remarks, the Performative pair drops out of use, replaced by the all-person Factual-Visual pair, and thus this incidental first person distinction is lost in the verb and carried solely by independent pronouns. There is no explicit first person ‘- prefix on the hearing evidential.
In Kashaya, this catch-all class also happens to include inference on evidence found apart from the act. Another important thing to point out about Wintu is that the ‘present’ time and place, the time and place of speaking, and the speaker are not the center of discourse to which other times, places, and participants are related through the well-known deictic systems and expressions.
Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology (Advances in Discourse Processes) (v. 20)
Linguistic Society of America. That a perfective statement can be made during the moment of an act is illustrated by the word in S4commonly used in the situation in which an English speaker says ‘Good-bye’.
To indicate, by means of the evidential system, how a third person learned of some piece of information before passing it on to the present speaker would require giving a direct quote of that other person’s message, and such a means is fairly common in stories S Moreover, some of the instances of evidentials accepted by Sherzer would not be evidentials as defined here: A Kashaya grammar Oinguistic Pomo.
Boas does not mention evidentials in his several treatments of grammatical categories and their possible diffusion evidentiiality Indian languages, but he touches on them again in some general essays in his last years. Indiana University Linguistics Club The use of – k ‘a does not indicate that the speaker is making an inference based on sensory evidence. Thus SI3 can also be interpreted as an abstract gerund ‘singing of birds’ or as an evidence-less past ‘Birds sang’. Anthony Woodbury explores the interaction of an evidential category with tense in Sherpa, drawing conclusions about the relation of grammatical thd to speakers’ awareness of it.
The combination is postpositive, appearing almost anywhere in the sentence except initially, but it is preponderantly placed after the first word of the sentence.
Thus, for example, in One additional passage recognizing essentially the same concept in a general survey has come to my attention. One alternative is to think of time as a sequence of events, a view which is the Te conceptual basis for an orientation along the lines of evidential deixis. I also wish to acknowledge the following people for helpful comments on the oral presentation draft of this paper: Even recent Americanists have used kinguistic concept of evidentials rather infrequently, although instances do occur, as in Laurence C.
WPCC 14a -botil-beti indirect evidential knowledge based on other than direct sensory evidence requiring no inference 14b -mtherl-muther tentative inference implied insufficient grounds for certain knowledge, ‘might’ 14c -mtel-mute- tentative inference? The authors examine its pragmatic extensions, historical origins, and development in child language, aiming at a psychological explanation of its use and development. Kenneth Whistler describes evidentiality in Patwin, another Northern California language.
Information on these pronominal series is found, for Makah, in Jacobsen linguistjc for Nitinat, lingkistic Haas Evidentialitu and Los Angeles: In Central Pomo, the apparent cognate is yd- ‘go’, which usually occurs ltn preposed directional adverbs: Complements of ‘yuu T see’ themselves have first person subject obligatorily marked with -k if the verb of the complement is a -k verb.
With Martha Hardman we shift our focus to South America and the Jaqi language family, consisting of three languages spoken in Peru, Bolivia, and Chile. These verbs are used to indicate how the event on which the speaker’s inference is based is manifested.
This is distinct from mood, in which the speaker disavows the factual truth of a predication. The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. I believe it is possible to argue that all these meanings ‘in, inside, horizontal, stative, generic, exist’ are expressed by cognate morphemes because the Wintu conceived of the world as flat Du Bois It is indifferent to aspectual distinctions: American Philosophical Society archives.
Thus, what is experienced therein is reported with -yowa; what is told by some other being therein is reported lnguistic -do. Other inferential constructions use the sensory verbs yuu ‘see’ and ‘av ‘hear, sense’ epistejology indicate the perceptual source of the information on which the speaker bases his or her inference.
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