() Miichi, Ken, Farouk, Omar (eds.), Southeast Asian Muslims in the era of globalization, pp. 61 – (Part of book). Download/Full Text. Open Access. In the s, discussions in circles of committed Muslims in Indonesia were enriched with the concept of ghazwul fikri (al-ghazw al-fikri, invasion of ideas). Ghazwul FIKRI updated their profile picture. April 3 ·. Ghazwul FIKRI’s photo. Like Comment. See All. Photos. Image may contain: text. Image may contain: one or.
|Published (Last):||1 July 2014|
|PDF File Size:||11.84 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.24 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Cornell Southeast Asia Program, http: After retirement, he had given yhazwul to his interest in the Javanese spiritual tradition and started practising meditation. The once flourishing harbour of the capital city is a sleepy affair, as trade has been diverted away from the region.
The effects of such programmes are seldom exactly as hoped; and in fact, they may in some cases have the reverse effect.
Al Ghazwul Fikri by Eliza Riviera Rachmawati Jasin on Prezi
Ajami places the discourse of al-ghazw al-fikri in the context of Arab soul-searching after the defeat ofand increasing disappointment with socialism, liberalism and the various forms of nationalism that had dominated Arab political and intellectual life the s and s. Since then, more raids have followed and the local authorities, feeling under pressure, closed down the Ahmadi mosques and forbade the Ahmadis to congregate for worship.
The Indonesians who adopted the term and the accompanying worldview borrowed them lock, stock and barrel from Arab, and more specifically Egyptian, authors. In the Middle East, the concept of al-ghazw al-fikri appears to have gained currency following the Arab defeat in the Israeli-Arab war ofand to be closely associated with the search for Arab authenticity.
Events and discussions taking place in Cairo were relayed to Indonesia by students at al-Azhar. In the s and s and continuing through the sthe DDII and related publishing houses brought out translations of contemporary Islamist works. Remember me on this computer. From the mids onwards, perceiving the radicalizing tendency among recent graduates from Middle Eastern countries, the Ministry of Religious Affairs intensified academic cooperation with Western countries and sent increasing numbers of IAIN graduates to Canada, the Netherlands, Australia and Germany for postgraduate studies.
As has been observed elsewhere, once people break out of their geographical isolation and by trade and travel start interacting more intensively with more distant communities, the old local spirits are of little help to them and supernatural 20 The following paragraphs are based on my observations during a two-month period of field research in early and a number of shorter visits in the preceding years.
He told me proudly about his ghazwhl, who studied at the famous Agricultural Institute of Bogor and who was a very serious young man.
Lombard, Denys and Claudine Salmon. Nasution wrote his Ph. Challenges for Mission in Early 21st Century. An NGO hhazwul Cirebon affiliated with the NU, Fahmina, sent activists to the village to form a protective ring around the mosque and give moral support to the villagers. The arrival of transnational Islamic movements in the region made it possible for abangan to skip the ghzawul of the established national organizations and become part of ghazwuk global community.
Gerakan Ahmadiyah di Indonesia.
Ghazwul fikri or Arabization? Indonesian Muslim responses to globalization
The term occurs with increasing frequency in Islamic magazines and journals through the s, and its continuing occurrence in the s can easily be attested with a Google search 25, hits when last accessed on 14 Decembermost fi,ri them magazine articles from the previous five years. The increasing popularity of the term reflects ghszwul communication with the Arab Middle East. Jabali, Fuad and Jamhari, eds.
In their view, and that of many mainstream Muslims, one should distinguish between Islam as a religion and Arab culture; a person could very well be a pious Muslim without adopting Ghhazwul culture.
Returning home on the weekends, they fikdi up religious study groups at the secondary schools from which they themselves had graduated. Two ghazwwul factors, however, were 11 The Jamaah Islamiyah, which carried out the most spectacular terrorist acts of the s, emerged from a split in the NII. His popularity and influence were much resented by those Muslims who were convinced that Islam and secularism do not go together and who thought that he betrayed the ideals of the struggle to make Indonesia a more Islamic society and state.
Notions of cosmopolitanism and so-called universal values are not neutral and supra-civilizational, but they are the weapons used by one of the civilizations in its effort to dominate the others. McGill continued to train Indonesian Muslim scholars in the following decades.
Some younger kiais also take an active role in this effort, such as Kiai Maman Imanulhaq of the pesantren Al-Mizan in Jatiwangi, where traditional arts have become part of the curriculum.
Both, moreover, were vocal defenders of ghazeul specifically Indonesian expressions of Islam and the rights of religious minorities.
vhazwul Around the same time, the Ahmadiyah also began to gain influence in the same circles, due to its English-language publications and the English- speaking missionaries it had sent from British India to Indonesia. It remained very much an Indonesian movement, however, with Indonesian concerns and tikri restricted to Indonesia.
Liddle ; Hefner ; van Bruinessen Upon their return, they often attempted to reform local religious practices and bring them more in line with what they had witnessed in Arabia.
Cambridge University Press, pp. The writings of the ideologists of the Iranian revolution, as observed above, reached Indonesia by way of the United States. The government relied on these institutes to create a class of 8 The incorporation into the British Empire gave Malaya an orientation towards India that was to vhazwul long after independence. Fahmina is a rather small NGO but it derives strength from its good connections with the major pesantrens of the region.
The Hidayatullah movement, originating in the pesantren Hidayatullah in East Kalimantan, known for its historical connections with the Darul Islam ghxzwul, but now present throughout the archipelago, has religious teachings, developed by its founder Abdullah Said, that reflect a very Indonesian approach to Islam.
Their concern was primarily with the pesantren subculture, which in fact also reflected Arab and Indian Ocean influences in its expressions of devotion for the Prophet and the high prestige accorded to his descendants, as well as in the use of religious song and recitation and percussion instruments in popular performances.
Foreign scholars were invited to teach at IAINs. Some were recruited for the jihad while they were studying or working in Saudi Arabia, whereas others belonged to radical underground groups in Indonesia that were preparing for a violent Islamic revolution. Cantwell Smith had recently established as a centre for interreligious encounter. The government has done little or nothing to protect the religious freedom of these citizens and instead made gestures to accommodate radical Muslim demands; in fact, in a joint ministerial decree practically proscribed all Ahmadiyah activities.
More importantly, it made numerous grants available for study in Saudi Arabia. Log In Sign Up.
Pak Dody had grown up in the early years of Indonesian Independence and belonged to the last generation that had benefited from a Dutch school education. As some critics were quick to point out, the very notion of ghazwul fikri also represented a cultural invasion, though not from the West, and they questioned why authenticity vikri be sought in an Arabian version of Islam.
Mukti Ali and Harun Nasution, who were to ghazul a major influence on later generations of Muslim students, were the best known among this first cohort. Politically, however, the movement is a strong supporter of the jihads of oppressed Muslims Ridwan ; van Bruinessen The Malay Annals of Semarang and Cerbon.