Here, we will look at socially motivated changes in language such as language reforms .. Available online at: Retrieved from http:// is never any one Retrieved from Shih, C., & Gamon, J. (). Web- based learning: Relationships among students motivation, attitude, learning styles and. Capturing socially motivated linguistic change: How the use of gender-fair language affects . Available online at: .
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Geschlechtergerechte Stellenausschreibungen [Gender-fair job advertisements]. These lyrics by Dylan capture a rarely examined phenomenon in social psychology, that is, social reality changes over time and may do so even within a fairly eudhi period. Finally, participants were asked for demographical data and for their comments and were provided with information about the study 9.
This scale served as a dependent measure indicating the wdw of the gender equality initiative 2. Attitudes toward women mediate the gender effect on attitudes toward sexist language. We conducted three eduhj Studies 1 and 2 in Poland and Study 3 in Austria with a similar design to examine how the use of gender-fair language or masculine forms affected respondents’ support for social initiatives Studies 1—3 addressing gender-related Studies 1—3or non-gender-related topics Studies 2 and 3.
Gender-fair Language in Poland and Austria In languages with grammatical gender such as German and Polishmost human nouns and pronouns are differentiated as feminine or masculine. After reading the introduction, participants were asked to evaluate the proposal by answering seven questions.
Therefore, the principle strategy employed to make a language gender fair is to have feminine forms of human nouns used more frequently and systematically to make female referents visible.
Other job titles show a semantic asymmetry: We ld to overcome this disadvantage by using cross-sectional research that compares different speech communities at different stages of implementing a specific language reform. Similar to Studies 1 and 2, we included participants’ political views mean-centered as covariates in the analysis.
We will be provided with an authorization token please note: This indicates that the use of masculine forms in referring to women appears odd when speakers are accustomed to gender-fair language, eeduhi if masculine generics were formerly common in the respective country.
While pertinent language reforms have been implemented and acknowledged in Austrian German, gender-fair language is rarely accepted and is often rejected in Polish. In line with Vervecken and Hannoverwe assumed that the motiation of gender-fair language in German is currently associated with higher education or competence and has lost its novelty as well as its associations with feminism.
Matrix of correlation coefficients across all three studies. The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Gendup, ; Technical University of Vienna: Gender-fair language consists of the symmetric linguistic treatment of women and men instead of using masculine forms as generics.
The website of the study was accessed by persons. In Austria, almost all universities and government institutions have their own guidelines for gender-fair language e.
When this variable was used as a dependent variable, the pattern of results matched those presented in the motivwtion analysis. Since then, official regulations have been adopted in German-speaking motigation.
Finally, the participants who provided demographical data were asked for comments and were provided with debriefing information about the study. According to this initiative, including women in the election lists would signal genuine support for gender equality in a modern Poland. However, across the two countries and languages, differences persist in the adoption of gender-fair language. The interaction term was significant motivatuon the 0. On the website, the study was announced as a 3-min survey concerning democracy.
Motivationstheorien nach Kirsten Tiggewerth-Kemper by Hans Peter on Prezi
Language reform in the direction of gender-fairness was indeed a political act and originated from the feminist movement Pauwels, The means and SD for all the three studies are presented in Table 2 and the results of the regression analysis are presented in Table 3. In the second step, we added three two-way interaction terms derived by multiplying the initial predictors, and in the third step, we added one three-way interaction term.
Having documented the eduhii effects of gender-fair language in a country where this linguistic usage is novel, we then examined the effects in a country where use of gender-fair language is already well established.
In addition, we applied a scale measuring attitudes toward affirmative action programs Bell et edubi. This pattern of results may inform the discussion about formal policies regulating the use of gender-fair language. These seemingly contradictory results reflect different stages of adaptation to gender-fair language in the respective societies investigated.
However, jttp either gender-fair language or a gender-equality issue is presented separately, the association with feminism may be sufficiently unobtrusive to not affect evaluations of the social cause. The original version of this manipulation as well as of Study 2 and 3 is presented in the Supplementary Material available online.
Our studies are the first to investigate different stages in the implementation of gender-fair language by applying the same research design in two different countries. The gender initiative was evaluated less favorably when presented with feminine forms htp when masculine forms were used. The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: For this purpose, we provided seven items from the Neosexism Scale Tougas et al.
Terrorism salience increases system justification: Nevertheless, future studies should try motivaiton capture the change in attitudes toward gender-fair language more directly.
Motivation by Peer Carl on Prezi
Participants were to evaluate a grassroots campaign that concerned the system of higher education. As Bob Dylan said, the times they are a-changin’. The first study was a pilot study, and at the time, no institutional approval was needed in Poland for pilot studies. Political conservatism as motivated social cognition. Participants were to indicate whether the initiative 1 was generally popular, 2 was good for the system of higher education, or had the potential of increasing, 3 the prestige of higher education in Austria, 4 the quality of schooling, and 5 should be implemented at all Austrian institutions of higher education.
Moreover, the positive effect of gender-fair language, especially of feminine forms referring to a group of women only, on evaluations of the initiative suggests that this usage has become so familiar to speakers of Austrian German that failing to use it decreased participants’ support for the initiative.
In Study 1, Polish men but not women evaluated the initiative for gender quotas on election lists less favorably.