Title: Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Authors: Nakagaki, Toshiyuki; Yamada, Hiroyasu; Tóth, Ágota. Affiliation: AA(Local Spatio-Temporal . The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum polycephalum is a large amoeba- like cell consisting of a dendritic network of tube-like structures (pseudopodia). Author(s): Toshiyuki Nakagaki (corresponding author) [1, 2]; Hiroyasu Yamada [1, 2, 3]; Ágota Tóth  The plasmodium of the slime mould Physarum.
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What is the final shape of the organism?
File:Slime mold solves – Wikimedia Commons
Can you see the rapid fluid motion streaming of the cytoplasm? For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Topics Discussed in This Paper. Slime mold solves maze.
Intelligence: Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism
How do plants respond to ultraviolet light? Keep in mind as you evaluate how many materials you will need that you will be running at least six trials of this experiment, and they can be run concurrently. Smarter Than Your Average Slime: With a name like slime mold, it’s understandable that you would expect these organisms to be ugly and disgusting. Nagakaki and colleagues in Japan have shown that Physarum polycephalum can find the shortest distance through a maze.
If the Physarum polycephalum organism is chopped up and dropped into a labyrinth a mazethey put themselves back together and start to move.
Write to us at scibuddy sciencebuddies. Biologists are the scientists who study life in all its forms and try to understand fundamental life processes, and how life relates to its environment. Showing of extracted citations. Maze-solving by an Amoeboid Organism www. The organism is sometimes shipped as a sclerotium when purchased from scientific supply companies.
What genes control deafness? TorresKyle ThomasLouis F. I created this work entirely by myself. What is the minimum percentage difference in length between routes that produces repeatable differences in the Physarum ‘s choice of routes? Our top priority is student learning.
Structure of the organism before finding the shortest path. Learn more about the News Feed. A particularly interesting and well-studied slime mold is called Physarum polycephalumthe many-headed slime mold. You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. Try one of our science activities for quick, anytime science explorations. They form colorful gliding masses as they creep over decaying wood and leaves.
This is probably the least understood of the five kingdoms of life; the others being animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria. It can be fed rolled oats as it grows, and divided to a fresh plate when it has grown to cover the first surface.
The goal is to address the question “Does the organism Physarum polycephalum demonstrate qualities that can be termed primitive intelligence? Physarum polycephalum is inexpensive to obtain and it can be easily cultured on a moist surface, such as a damp piece of filter paper or an agar plate agar plates are oranism to use because they stay moist.
See the Materials and Equipment list for details. There are endless discoveries waiting to be found in the field of biology! Establish a culture of Physarum polycephalum and determine if it can find the shortest distance between two food sources in a maze. There are plenty of ways to expand on Nakagaki, et al. Here we show that this intelligenc organism has the ability to find the minimum-length solution between two points in a labyrinth. You can find this page online at: Description Slime mold solves maze.
Despite their unappealing name, slime molds are fascinating and, for some observers, beautiful organisms.
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