Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. THE Koran admittedly occupies an important position among the great . notes, ; Translation by J. M. Rodwell, with notes and index (the Suras arranged in. The Koran (Dover Thrift Editions) [J. M. Rodwell, G. Margoliouth] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. As the sacred book of Islam, the Koran.
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Introduction to the Quran. It is quite clear that Muhammad borrowed in several points from the doctrines of the Ebionites, Essenes, and Sabeites. Jews, Christians and Sabeites, is sometimes retained, sometimes paraphrased. The style in which the Koran is written requires some special attention in this introduction. And not only were several Arab tribes in the neighbourhood of Mecca converts to the Christian faith, but on two occasions Muhammad had travelled with his uncle, Abu Talib, as far as Bostra, where he must have had opportunities of learning the general outlines of Oriental Christian doctrine, and perhaps of witnessing the ceremonial of their worship.
The sources whence Muhammad derived the materials of his Koran are, over and above the more poetical parts, which are his own creation, the legends of his time and country, Jewish traditions based upon the Talmud, or perverted to suit his own purposes, and the floating Christian traditions of Arabia and of S.
Biblical reminiscences, Rabbinic legends, Christian traditions mostly drawn from distorted apocryphal sources, and native heathen stories, all first pass through the prophet’s fervid mind, and thence issue in strange new forms, tinged with poetry and enthusiasm, and well adapted to enforce his own view of life and duty, to serve as an encouragement to his faithful adherents, and to strike terror into the hearts of his opponents.
The absence of the historical element from the Koran as regards the details of Muhammad’s daily life, may be judged of by the fact, that only two of his contemporaries are mentioned in the entire volume, and that Muhammad’s name occurs but five times, although he is all the way through addressed by the Angel Gabriel as the recipient of the divine revelations, with the word SAY.
This verse appears as the 84th chapter and situated between verses marked 90 and ] Rodwell’s Sura Index Table Sura Number this Edition. The Arabic text from which this translation has been made is that of Fluegel. And it appears tolerably certain that previous to and at the period of his entering into public life, there was a large number of enquirers at Mecca, who like Zaid, Omayah of Taief, Waraka, etc.
As a book it was published after the prophet’s death. This is emphatically a case in which originality consists not so much in the creation of new materials of thought as in the manner in which existing traditions of various kinds are utilised and freshly blended to suit the special exigencies of the occasion. In close connection with the above remarks, stands the question of Muhammad’s sincerity and honesty of purpose in coming forward as a messenger from God.
And it should be remembered that the Talmud was completed a century previous to the era of Muhammad,7 and cannot fail to have extensively influenced the religious creed of all the Jews of the Arabian peninsula.
The Koran (Al-Qur’an) by J. M. Rodwell – Free Ebook
Those translations with very brief prefaces such as The Koran by S. This general progress of the Muhammedan world has somehow been arrested, but rofwell has shown that what European scholars knew of Greek philosophy, of mathematics, astronomy, and like sciences, for several centuries before the Renaissance, was, roughly speaking, all derived from Latin treatises ultimately based dodwell Arabic originals; and it was the Koran which, though indirectly, gave the first impetus to these studies among the Arabs and their allies.
Chiefly from Sale’s edition, by E. For instance, the Arabic words which mean Companions of the fire, are also rendered inmates of, etc.
Muir, and that of Dr. But however this may be, no records which are posterior in date to these authorities can be considered as at all deserving of dependance.
The Koran (Al-Qur’an) by J. M. Rodwell
This verse rodwll as the th chapter and situated between verses marked 30 rodwelp 40] 5: He died on 7th June The “Proben” of H. Edinburgh University Press, LondonWeil, G. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert tribes of the Arabian peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then proceeded to create the vast politico-religious organisations of the Muhammedan world which are one of the great forces with which Europe and the East have to reckon to-day. There is but one direct quotation Sura xxi.
The secrecy in which he received his instructions from them, and from his Christian informants, enabled him boldly to declare to the ignorant pagan Meccans that God had revealed those Biblical histories to him.
Murdock Sacred Books of the East2nd ed. From the first flash of prophetic inspiration which is clearly discernible in the earlier portions of the book he, later on, frequently descended to deliberate invention and artful rhetoric.
The Koran (Rodwell) – Wikisource, the free online library
PREFACE It is necessary that some brief explanation should be given with reference to the arrangement of the Suras, or rodwelo, adopted in this translation of the Koran. This book has stood the test of time and research and remains a standard reference work today. The arrangement of the Suras in this translation is based partly upon the traditions of the Muhammadans themselves, with reference especially to the ancient chronological list printed by Weil in his Mohammed der Prophet, as well as upon a careful consideration of the subject kodan of each separate Sura and its probable connection with the sequence of events in the life of Muhammad.
For if he was indeed the illiterate person the Muslims represent him to have been, then it will be hard to escape their inference that the Koran is, as they assert it to be, a standing miracle. Though the youngest of the epoch-making works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to hardly any in the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses of men.
Sprenger, “late historians like Abulfeda as authorities, and to suppose that an account gains in certainty because it is mentioned by several of them, is highly uncritical. Such an attempt, however, is full of difficulties.
John Medows Rodwell
Not the least among its recommendations is, perhaps, that it is scholarly without being pedantic that is to say, that it aims at correctness without sacrificing the right effect of the whole to over-insistence on small details. It has created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh type of character. It was, in fact, at first not a book, but a strong living voice, a kind of wild authoritative proclamation, a series of admonitions, promises, threats, and instructions addressed to turbulent and largely hostile assemblies of untutored Arabs.
The incidents mentioned in the Koran itself, for the interpretation of which early tradition is available, are comparatively few, and there are many passages with which it is totally at variance; as, for instance, that Muhammad worked miracles, which the Koran expressly disclaims. Ibn Ishaq, who died in A. Zaid and his coadjutors, however, do not appear to have arranged the materials which came into their hands upon any system more definite than that of placing the longest and best known Suras first, immediately after the Fatthah, or opening chapter the eighth in this edition ; although even this rule, artless and unscientific as it is, has not been adhered to with strictness.
Sprenger now issuing from the press, in German. It has been supposed that Muhammad derived many of his notions concerning Christianity from Gnosticism, and that it is to the numerous gnostic sects the Koran alludes when it reproaches the Christians with having “split up their religion into parties.
It is, however, curious to compare such passages as Deut. As he tells us himself in his preface, it is now in a number of cases impossible to ascertain the exact occasion on which a discourse, or part of a discourse, was delivered, so that the system could not be carried through with entire consistency.
But chide those for whose refractoriness ye have cause to fear; remove them into beds apart, and scourage them: While, however, there is no great difficulty in ascertaining the Suras which stand in connection with the more salient features of Muhammad’s life, it is a much more arduous, and often impracticable task, to point out the precise events to which individual verses refer, and out of which they sprung.
It is true that the state of Arabia previous to the time of Muhammad was one of preparedness for a new religion that the scattered elements were there, and wanted only the mind of a master to harmonise and enforce them and that Islam was, so to speak, a necessity of the time.